Ribera, Jusepe de

(Lo Spagnoletto; 1591-1652)
   Born in Jativa, near Valencia, Jusepe de Ribera was one of the most notable painters of Baroque Spain. Nothing is known of his training, though some believe he may have studied with Francisco Ribalta. At the age of 16, he went to Naples, then part of the Spanish domain, a trip that coincided with Caravaggio's stay in that region. As a result, Ribera adopted the Italian master's style. In 1611, Ribera is documented in Parma, working for Ranuccio Farnese, and in 1613 he was in Rome where he remained until 1616 and where he requested admittance into the Accademia di San Luca. His Allegory of Taste (1616; Hartford, Wadsworth Atheneum) belongs to this early period in his career. A Caravaggist composition, it shows a crude male eating eels. The still life in the foreground, the dark background, and the diagonal entry of light into the pictorial space are elements borrowed from Caravaggio.
   In 1616, Ribera moved to Naples where he remained for the rest of his life. He began to sign his paintings Jusepe Ribera Hispanus to assert his nationality in a region where outside masters were normally not welcomed. A versatile artist, Ribera painted mythologies such as his Drunken Silenus (1626), religious scenes such as his St. Jerome and the Angel of Judgment (1626; both Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte), portraits such as his Magdalena Ventura with Her Husband and Child (1631; Toledo, Museo Fundación Duque de Lerma), and genre works such as his Girl with a Tambourine (1637; private collection) and Clubfooted Boy (1642; Paris, Louvre). By the mid-1620s, in response to the art of Guido Reni, Ribera loosened his brushwork and muted his colors. He also pushed his figures deeper into the picture plane. Ribera enjoyed a successful career, catering to both Italian and Spanish patrons, among them Philip IV of Spain. Though a Spaniard, stylistically Ribera's works should be categorized as Italian.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Ribēra, Jusepe de — Ribēra, Jusepe de, von den Italienern lo Spagnoletto (»der kleine Spanier«) genannt, span. Maler, geb. 12. Jan. 1588 zu Játiva in der Provinz Valencia (Spanien), gest. 1656 in Neapel, bildete sich zunächst bei Francisco Ribalta in Valencia, ging… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ribera, Jusepe de — • Spanish artist (1588 1656) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • RIBERA, JUSEPE —    a Spanish painter, born near Valencia; indulged in a realism of a gruesome type; had Salvator Rosa and Giordano for pupils (1588 1656) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ribera, Jusepe de — detto Spagnoletto …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Jusepe de Ribera —     Jusepe de Ribera     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jusepe de Ribera     Called also SPAGNOLETTO, L ESPAGNOLET (the little Spaniard)     Painter born at Jativa, 12 Jan., 1588; died at Naples, 1656. Fantastic accounts have been given of his early… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ribera — (izg. ribȇra), Jusepe de (1591 1652) DEFINICIJA španjolski ranobarokni slikar i bakropisac religioznih i mitoloških tema (Hromi dječak, Martirij Sv. Bartolomeja, Jakovljev san) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ribera [1] — Ribera , Jusepe, von den Italienern Spagnoletto genannt, berühmter span. Maler, geb. 1588 zu Xativa bei Valencia, lebte meist in Neapel, wo er sich hauptsächlich unter Caravaggio bildete, wurde später Hofmaler daselbst und st. 1659; liebte… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Jusepe de Ribera — (* 12. Januar 1591 in Játiva in der Provinz Valencia; † 2. September 1652 in Neapel) war ein aus Spanien stammender Maler, der im Neapel der Barockzeit tätig war. Wegen seiner Herkunft wurde er auch italienisch „lo Spagnoletto“ („der kleine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jusepe de Ribera — (January 12, 1591 1652) was a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, also known as José de Ribera in Spanish and as Giuseppe Ribera in Italian. He was also called by his contemporaries and early writers Lo Spagnoletto, or the Little Spaniard …   Wikipedia

  • Ribera — is a Spanish word that translates into the basin of a river , and may refer to:Locations * Ribera, Agrigento, a comune in the province of Agrigento, Sicily, Italy * Ribera Alta, Álava, a municipality in the province of Álava, Basque Country,… …   Wikipedia

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